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Satyr, Pan & Faun

Merriam-Webster dictionary:

Satyr a sylvan deity in Greek mythology having certain characteristics of a horse or goat and fond of Dionysian revelry.

I’ve always been a huge admirer and lover of Greek mythology, of gods and deities, heroes and legendary creatures.

So I came up with the idea of this Satyr ring a long time ago, because I’ve been fascinated by the complex nature of this spirit. Just imagine this human-animal hybrid, a wise spirit, sensual woodland creature and dancer! I think they’re pretty cool. And of course I absolutely love the way satyrs embody the power of nature in all its splendour, with all its bright and dark sides.

What are satyrs?

A woodland creature depicted as having a human torso, goat legs and tail, pointed ears, horns and beards. They were a race of fertility spirits of the countryside and wilderness. As companions of Dionysus they were usually shown drinking, dancing and playing flutes and chasing the nymphs. In a broader sense, the satyr symbolizes the duality of human nature, consisting of emotions and reason.

Satyrs are also known to be tricksters, prophets and wisdom keepers, all at the same time! And on the other hand, they were sensual creatures free of any prohibitions, moral and social norms. So usually satyrs had no moral or social aspect whatsoever, and were simply the embodiment of pure, basic instinct. They were the very opposite to urbanity and civilization itself. But over the course of Greek history, satyrs gradually became portrayed as more human and less wild.

What do we know about Pan?

The parentage of Pan is unclear; generally he is the son of Hermes and a nymph. Plato also called him ¨the double-natured son of Hermes¨. With his homeland in rustic Arcadia, Pan was recognized as the god of shepherds, hunters, the flocks, the mountain forests and meadows

His name is the root word of “panic“. The Greeks believed that when accidentally awakened from his nap he could give a great terrifying shout. From this aspect of Pan‘s nature, Greek authors derived the word “panikos“, “sudden fear”. Pan was fond of music, and  known as the inventor of the pan flute (or Syrinx), a musical instrument consisting of multiple wooden pipes of gradually increasing length.

Faun vs. Satyr. What is the difference?

The Romans identified satyrs with their native nature spirits, fauns. It is derived from Faunus, the name of an ancient Italic deity of forests, fields, and herds, who from the 2nd century BCE was associated with the Greek god Pan.

But the main difference between them was their behaviour and nature. Fauns were described as humble, gentle and innocent with handsome and attractive appearance. Satyrs, as we know, were the exact opposite. Fauns are known to be naïve and foolish. On the other hand, satyrs are wise and have great knowledge as well.

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lost-wax technique in jewelry

Lost-wax casting: Everything you need to know

lost-wax technique in jewelry

What is the purpose of lost-wax casting?

At Mayari jewelry, one of the methods we use to create jewelry is called lost-wax casting* (aka “cire perdue”). *also it is presently used interchangeably with investment casting

It is an ancient process (and we do respect jewelry making traditions) that casts a metal sculpture from an original sculpture made of wax. The lost-wax method has been used since 3000 B.C. (and it has sustained few changes since then) to capture the stories of ancient cultures and religions throughout history. Isn’t it fascinating?

The casting process for lost wax casting involves multiple steps that begin with the creation of the pattern, or master, from wax (and then sterling silver). Thanks to the lost-wax method we can recreate all parts of our designs with precision.

Our process of jewelry making
inspiration – idea – sketches – more sketches – wax carving – wax mold fabrication – casting – polishing

Major steps of the lost-wax process

Creating a prototype

1. Detailed freehand sketches on paper (top/ side/ front views & 3D)  and all the measurements for the final design.

2. A well-detailed wax model of the figure is created. And our model is now ready for casting!

3. Later the wax is assembled on a runner system (¨tree¨).

4. Then investment plaster is poured into the cylinder and over the wax model.

5. The flask is heated in a kiln. The wax is melted out and forms a cavity where the metal flows in.

6. The silver grain is placed into the crucible to melt. 

7. Molten silver (or any other metal) is then poured into the cavity. The flask is now filled with silver.

8. Then we dissolve the investment plaster.

9. The parts are cut from the ‘tree’.

10. The silver model is then filed and buffed to remove scratches.

Making a rubber mold

1. And now we are ready to create a vulcanized silicone rubber mould around the silver prototype. Modern synthetic rubbers have been developed to capture very fine details of a model.

2. We attach the sprue to the heaviest part of the prototype and then put it in a suitable mold frame.

3. Now it’s time to start packing the mold with layers of rubber. And when it’s done the mold is vulcanized in a machine that modifies rubber with heat and pressure.

4. The mold is cut into two halves, allowing the model to be removed.

5. Now we are ready to recreate the prototype. Hooray!

rings with deep meaning

14 Magical Rings – In History and Fiction

14 Magical Rings – In History and Fiction

“One ring to rule them all,

One ring to find them,

One ring to bring them all

And in the darkness bind them.”

Tales of magical rings date back to antiquity, and probably even before recorded history.

1. King Solomon’s Magical Ring

According to legend, the famous king Solomon had a very valuable gold ring. It was not only precious, but also magical. Using the power of the ring, Solomon summons a full register of demons and takes authority over them. Out of all the king’s treasures, this ring is regarded as the most mystical.

Legend has it that the one who finds the ring will become the ruler of the world. 

king solomon's ring

2. Ring of Gyges

According to the Greek philosopher Plato, the Ring of Gyges was a magic ring that made its wearer invisible. When given a ring, a shepherd named Gyges becomes invisible and anonymous. Through his invisibility he seduces a queen, kills the king, and takes the kingdom. This poses the moral question of whether a person with such a power would misuse it for evil deeds.

Ring of Gyges

3. Ring of the Nibelung

“Der Ring des Nibelungen”, four music dramas (grand operas) by German composer Richard Wagner, that were based on the classic Norse myths and German heroic poetry.

Wagner made a lot of changes to the story in order to make it suitable for his four operas. The story tells of a hoard of gold which is being guarded by the Rhinemaidens. The dwarf Alberich steals the gold and uses some of it to make a ring which makes the owner powerful over all the world. When Wotan, the chief god, steals it from him, Alberich puts a curse on the ring. The ring will bring death to whoever has it. The ring goes through the hands of several characters, all of whom die in the end. 

Ring of the Nibelung

4. The Kingmoor Ring (also Greymoor Hill Ring)

The Kingmoor Ring was found at Greymoor Hill, near Kingmoor by a young man who came across it in the ground.

The inscription on it reads:

᛭ᚨᚱᛦᚱᛁᚢᚠᛚᛏᛦᚱᛁᚢᚱᛁᚦᚩᚾᚷᛚᚨᚴᛏᚨᛈᚩᚾ / ᛏᚨᚿ

The inscription amounts to a total of 30 signs, its meaning has not been fully deciphered but it is believed to be of magical nature – likely a spell of healing or regeneration.

The Kingmoor Ring

5. Howard Carter’s Ring of Protection

Howard Carter was the archaeologist who discovered the tomb of Tutankhamun. At the time, everybody was surprised because of the fact that the curse of King Tut’s tomb did not affect the archaeologist. Carter said that his ring protected him against all harmful influences. The ring was adorned with geometric symbols which were placed and balanced according to the principles of esoteric knowledge. The design was meant to protect a person from danger, curses, and black magic. Today, the ring is known as “the ring of Ra” and it is believed that it was originally designed by the people of the lost city of Atlantis. According to the same theory, Egyptians are regarded to be the descendants of these people. 

Howard Carter’s Ring

6. Draupnir

In Norse mythology, Draupnir is a gold ring possessed by the god Odin with the ability to multiply itself: Every 9th night, it duplicates itself by creating eight perfect copies, each one of the same size and weight as the original.

Howard Carter’s Ring

7. Genghis Khan’s Ring

Genghis Khan, the great Mongol ruler, knew how to take advantage of magic. In the 12th century, he reigned over the great Mongolian Empire and some believe this is due to a powerful magic ring. The ring had a ruby engraved with a magic Indian symbol and it was worn by both Genghis Khan as well as by his nephew. Some claim that this symbol actually comes from Hyperborea, the long lost continent. As for the ring of Genghis Khan, many Asian archaeologists are still looking for it.

Howard Carter’s Ring

8. The One Ring (“The Lord of the Rings”)

Probably the most famous fiction ring of all times, it is a central plot element in J. R. R. Tolkien’s “The Lord of the Rings”. It is a solid gold band that looks like any ordinary ring, until cast into fire; once in flames, glowing inscriptions appear on it. Also it can change in size by its own will. The Ring’s primary power was control of the other Rings and domination of the wills of their users. Granting the wearer invisibility, the One Ring also used to strengthen the wearer’s power.

The One Ring

9. Green Lantern Ring

Green Lantern’s ring, considered to be one of the most powerful weapons in the universe. Depending on the skill and willpower of the wearer, it can do almost anything if the wielder’s willpower is strong enough. It has the ability to affect and use forces like gravity, radiation, heat, light etc. Most commonly, a Green Lantern Ring is used to shoot energy beams, fly, translate all languages, and create green light energy constructs.

Green Lantern Ring

10. Sorcerer’s Apprentice Ring

The title character and his mentor use the rings to focus their magical powers. Like magical wands in other fantasy fiction, magic rings function as instruments for sorcerers to channel their powers with magic inside the ring. It projects electromagnetic energy into the physical world. The magic ring gives the sorcerer who wields it better advantages.

Sorcerer's Apprentice Ring

11. Dracula’s Ring

It first makes an appearance in Son of Dracula (1943), where it was worn by John Carradine. Then the ring made its way to Bela Lugosi’s finger in Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein (1948). Later Christopher Lee wore it in other Dracula movies. This extravagant signet ring with a blood-red ruby set into it, was designed with the arms crest of Dracula’s lineage. Crest rings traditionally reflect the pride and dignity of a family name and history.

Dracula’s Ring

12. The Yellow and Green Rings (The Chronicles of Narnia)

In “The Chronicles of Narnia: The Magician’s Nephew”, yellow and green magic finger rings were created to respectively transport people to and from the Wood between the Worlds. These rings were created by the magician “Uncle Andrew” with the help of magical dust from Atlantis.

Yellow and Green magic rings

13. The Mandarin’s Rings

The Mandarin is a fictional supervillain appearing in American comic books. He is one of Iron Man’s most destructive enemies. The Mandarin is a badass athlete with tremendous skills in various martial arts. His principal personal weapons are the 10 rings which he wears on the fingers of both hands. The Mandarin learned how to make the rings respond to his mental commands. On his left hand he wears Ice Blast, Mento-Intensifier, Electro-Blast, Flame Blast, and White Light. On his right hand, Black Light, Disintegration Beam, Vortex Beam, Impact Beam, and Matter Rearranger.

Mandarin's Rings

14. Singing Ring (The 10th Kingdom)

And last but not least, the most adorable ring in all ten Kingdoms! A singing engagement ring from the movie “The 10th Kingdom”, that grands a lifetime love guarantee!

Singing ring

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two green serpents crawling

Legendary Snakes & Snake – like creatures

Legendary Snakes & Snake – like creatures

two green serpents crawling

The snake is the universal and most complex of all the symbols embodied in animals, as well as the most common and probably the most ancient of them.

The snake and dragon are often interchangeable, and in the countries of the Far East, no distinction is made between them at all. The symbolism of the snake is multifaceted. It can personify both masculine and feminine energy, life and death, destruction and resurrection. 

Snakes represent light and darkness, good and evil, wisdom and blind passion, cure and poison, guardian and destroyer, spiritual and physical rebirth. In almost all Gnostic schools, the serpent was understood either as a symbol of the Upper world, or as a chaotic principle.

This duality of symbolism, forcing people to balance between fear and worship, contributed to the fact that the snake appears sometimes as the progenitor other times as an enemy, or in some cases simultaneously a symbol of good and evil. 

Here are some examples of famous snakes, snake-like creatures and symbols: 

King Snake ring, Mayari jewelry

The cunning serpent of the Garden of Eden

In the story of Genesis, the snake is portrayed as a trickster that tempts Eve into stealing from the forbidden fruit tree, telling her that “when you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”  And as we know it didn’t end so well… 

Snakes as a Symbol of Medicine

The Rod of Asclepius (aka The Staff of Asclepius) is a snake-entwined rod, said to be wielded by Asclepius, the Greek god associated with healing and medicine.

*do not confuse it with the famous staff of the god Hermes (or Mercury), the caduceus.

Why the snake is often used as a symbol of healing? This is partly due to the ancient belief that the snake sheds its skin to regain youth and guards the secret of eternal life. 

Medusa (the most famous of the Gorgons)

In Greek mythology, the fearsome Medusa had living venomous snakes on her head instead of hair and turned anyone who looked at her to stone.

Dangerous and powerful Medusa is often seen as a protective symbol due to her ability to destroy her enemies. 

Lernaean Hydra

The Lernaean Hydra was a snakelike water monster with many heads. For every head chopped off, the Hydra would regrow two serpent heads. Was slayed by Heracles (aka Hercules) as part of his Twelve Labors.

Jormungand

In Norse mythology Jormungand, is a powerful sea serpent and the middle child of the god Loki. The serpent grew in the sea until his body encircled all of Midgard, and he was able to grasp his own tail in his mouth. When it releases its tail, Ragnarök (the end of the world) will begin. 

Kundalini

An example of a positive symbolism of a snake is the concept of kundalini, which in tantric tradition is represented by thr serpent.

Kundalini energy is called “serpentine power”, it is a symbol of inner strength, psychic energy, it represents our infinite potential of being. This energy lies dormant at the base of the spine, until it is awakened. It is sometimes depicted as a coiled snake with heads at both ends. 

 

Ouroboros

Ouroboros is a serpent represented with its tail in its mouth, continually devouring itself and being reborn from itself. The oldest-known ouroboros appeared in ancient Egypt ”it refers to the mystery of cyclical time, which flows back into itself”.

Quetzalcoatl

Quetzalcoatl, or “Feathered Serpent” (mix of bird and rattlesnake), was an ancient Mesoamerican deity. The god of wind and rain, as well as learning, agriculture and science, also associated with the morning star, Quetzalcóatl was the creator of the world and humanity. Also, according to the legend he discovered and introduced corn to the Aztecs.

Snakes in ancient Egyptian culture

The Uraeus is a symbol for the goddess Wadjet. She is a very ancient deity of lower Egypt,  the serpent goddess, a mother-figure to kings. The most common Egyptian snake symbol was the Uraeus (the hooded cobra, usually depicted raised up and ready to strike). It appeared on the Pharaoh’s crown and became his sign of sovereignty. So the raised cobra meant protection against disorder and it was also a symbol of divine authority. 

Mayari Jewelry Philippines Unique Series

Nāgas

The Nagas is a race of large serpentine creatures that can often be found in the mythologies of Hinduism and Buddhism. They are described as powerful, splendid, wonderful and proud semi divine creatures. Nagas are potentially dangerous but often beneficial to humans. 

Perhaps the most famous naga in the Hindu tradition is Shesha, who is often portrayed along with Vishnu. Their domain is in the enchanted underworld called Naga-loka filled with gems, gold and other treasures.

sword blade on a medieval map

Sword Symbolism in a Nutshell

medieval sword on a map

Symbolic meaning

The sword is one of the most complex and most common symbols. Its concept is ambivalent: on the one hand, the sword is a terrifying weapon, on the other, a powerful ancient force.

The making of a sword incorporates all the elements: Earth, Fire, Air, Water. It also requires secret skills and knowledge, thanks to which swords were endowed with magical properties. The symbol of the sword as a weapon represents the dual concept of life and death.

The sword is also a powerful magical symbol, the emblem of witchcraft. Also the cult of the sword in many cultural traditions contributed to the fact that it acquired a ceremonial and ritual significance.

Mayari Jewelry Philippines Unique Series

Wavy, flames-like double-edged swords were associated with purification. For example, in alchemy, such a sword is the emblem of fire. In addition, it is also a symbol of power, justice, light, honor or authority.

Many swords have magical properties and are given to heroes for the advancement of justice. 

  • Excalibur – the legendary sword of King Arthur, that was given to him by the Lady of the Lake (it was not the same sword that he drew from a stone).
  • Gram – the sword of the hero of Germanic-Scandinavian mythology Siegfried (Sigurd), that he used to kill the dragon Fafnir. This weapon was described as being ¨all decked with gold and gleaming bright¨
  • Durendal (Durandal) – the sword of Furious Roland, the hero of the Old French epic. According to the legend, this weapon was capable of cutting through giant boulders of stone with a single strike, and was indestructible.
  • Kusanagi-no-Tsurugi (“Grass Cutting Sword”) a famous Japanese sword, one of the three Imperial Regalia of Japan. It was found within one of the tails of the eight-headed serpent Yamata-no-Orochi defeated by the legendary warrior Susanoo.
  • Shamshir-e-Zomorrodnegar the legendary Persian sword from the epic of Amir Arsalan. The emerald-studded magic shamshir had originally belonged to King Solomon. Legend claims that it was carefully guarded by a demon called Fulad-zereh, because he was invulnerable to all weapons and only this sword could harm him.

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secret knowledge of symbols

Symbolism & Secret Knowledge

secret knowledge of symbols

Dictionary definition:

Symbol – something used for or regarded as representing something else; a material object representing something, often something immaterial; emblem, token, or sign.

In all known cultures, we find traces of knowledge encoded in symbols: we see symbols in rituals, in alchemical books, we see them hidden in the stunning proportions of the pyramids and ancient temples

Symbolic language is a universal language. Symbolism not only expresses the relationship between things and ideas, but also reveals the laws of the connection of the material world with the supernatural world.

However, most people do not know the language of symbols, they cannot decipher it, while it is extremely important for understanding the ways of human development, art, religion and mythology.

In the old days, symbolism was a secret knowledge, but now the time has come when access to symbols is open to everyone

Symbols help to better understand the surrounding world, which means living in harmony with it.

The word symbol derives from the Greek σύμβολον symbolon, meaning “token, watchword”.

The history of the symbolism of our civilization goes back deep into the past, to the era of the caveman. 

Since ancient times, people have been looking for a universal language that would be able to express the connection between things and events in the surrounding mysterious world. These searches led to the discovery of the first generalized images, and then, as evolutionary development, and abstract concepts. Such images and concepts are called symbols.

A symbol cannot be “invented”, created artificially, as it reflects the Highest Truth.  The perfect Universal Symbol is so comprehensive that it is able to meet the needs of different eras, religions, cultures and civilizations

Time did not radically change the structure of symbolism. Whatever the nature of the origin of the symbols is, modern mankind got them not only completely formed, but already systematized. 

The same symbols exist in all ancient cultures: in Ancient Egypt, Sumeria, India, China, Africa, in pre-Columbian America… And everywhere they have similar semantic meanings, which indicates their common origin from the same source

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