Mythology

Carabao water buffalo silver necklace jewelry

Horns: Cosmic Symbols of Power and Mystery

HORNS: Cosmic Symbols of Power and Mystery

Horns hold dual symbolism, representing both solar and lunar attributes in various mythologies. They signify strength and power, often associated with Sun gods and Moon goddesses.

Horned gods used to symbolize warriors, fertility for both humans and animals, and were masters of animals. They had as attributes the horns of bulls or cows, signifying honor, dignity, and strength, or of rams and goats – as a sign of productive power and fertility.

Horns in Ancient Egyptian culture

For the Egyptians, cow horns symbolized the goddess Hathor as the Great Mother; they are also depicted as a crescent with Isis and Nut, the mistress of the heavens.

Also in Egypt, the most important symbolic animal was Apis, the sacred bull of Memphis, embodying the material world while possessing spiritual nature. It symbolized the earth element, authority, fertility, and strength.

The winged bull is one of the manifestations of the Sphinx and also a symbol of the evangelist Luke.
moon symbol bull horns and moon goddess painting

 

Horns in Ancient Greek and Roman cultures

Let’s not overlook ancient Greek and Roman cultures. Dionysus and Pan embody the wild and fertile side of nature, while Pluto’s “Horn of Amalthea”, symbolizes wealth and abundance, fitting for a god. Zeus once appeared before the beautiful Europa in the form of a white bull to abduct her.

In Ancient Rome, during taurobolium (bull sacrifice rites), initiates were soaked with bull’s blood, symbolizing the flow of life. Similar symbolism of blossoming and vitality was adopted in ancient Indo-Iranian myths.

Zodiac sign – Taurus

The Taurus zodiac sign, symbolized by the Bull, draws upon the cultural significance of horns, representing strength and protection. These traits mirror Taurus’s characteristics of determination and resilience, while also signifying abundance and spiritual connection, defining the essence of this steadfast sign.

Rituals and ceremonies

The most dangerous of all domestic animals, the bull has served as both an object of worship and competition since ancient times. Its strength has been a measure for many legendary heroes (such as Heracles) and Minoan acrobats who performed somersaults using the sharp horns of bulls as support.

Bulls were sacrificed in ritual sacred festivals in honor of the Sun god Mithras, believing that their blood symbolized the source of life and symbol of the Spring. Later the symbolism associated with the bull, representing death and rebirth, spread widely.

Carabao water buffalo silver necklace jewelry

Carabao symbolism

One great example of a horned animal represented in culture is the water buffalo, also known as the “carabao“.

The Carabao buffalo indeed holds significant cultural symbolism in the Philippines, representing strength, resilience, and hard work, and it’s deeply intertwined with the nation’s identity and heritage.

In a country where nature plays a vital role in daily life, the Carabao Buffalo symbolizes a harmonious relationship between humans and the environment. Beyond its practical uses, the Carabao Buffalo is deeply woven into Philippine folklore. Folktales often portray the Carabao as a mystical creature, associated with fertility, nature, creative energy, and earth magic.

The Carabao Buffalo’s symbolism in Philippine culture is a testament to the nation’s connection with nature and the resilience of its people.

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satyr pan mythological fantasy silver ring

Satyr, Pan & Faun: Trickster, Dionysus follower or Wise spirit?

Satyr, Pan & Faun

Merriam-Webster dictionary:

Satyr a sylvan deity in Greek mythology having certain characteristics of a horse or goat and fond of Dionysian revelry.

I’ve always been a huge admirer and lover of Greek mythology, of gods and deities, heroes and legendary creatures.

So I came up with the idea of this Satyr ring a long time ago, because I’ve been fascinated by the complex nature of this spirit. Just imagine this human-animal hybrid, a wise spirit, sensual woodland creature and dancer! I think they’re pretty cool. And of course I absolutely love the way satyrs embody the power of nature in all its splendour, with all its bright and dark sides. So, let’s take a closer look at these characters and see what makes them so much fun.

What are satyrs?

A woodland creature depicted as having a human torso, goat legs and tail, pointed ears, horns and beards. They were a race of fertility spirits of the countryside and wilderness. As companions of Dionysus they were usually shown drinking, dancing and playing flutes and chasing the nymphs. In a broader sense, the satyr symbolizes the duality of human nature, consisting of emotions and reason.

Satyrs are also known to be tricksters, prophets and wisdom keepers, all at the same time! And on the other hand, they were sensual creatures free of any prohibitions, moral and social norms. So usually satyrs had no moral or social aspect whatsoever, and were simply the embodiment of pure, basic instinct. They were the very opposite to urbanity and civilization itself. But over the course of Greek history, satyrs gradually became portrayed as more human and less wild.

The enduring appeal of Satyr lies in his duality – he is both wild and civilized, both mischievous and protective, both lover and fighters. He embodies the primal, untamed power of nature while also exhibiting human-like traits such as music, dance, and wine-making.

What do we know about Pan?

Now, let’s talk about Pan. The parentage of Pan is unclear; generally he is the son of Hermes and a nymph. Plato also called him ¨the double-natured son of Hermes¨. He’s often depicted as having the body of a man and the legs, horns, and ears of a goat, and he’s known for his wild, unkempt appearance. With his homeland in rustic Arcadia, Pan was recognized as the god of shepherds, hunters, the flocks, the mountain forests and meadows.

Despite his wild spirit, Pan was also seen as protector of nature. He was said to be fierce defender of the forests and the creatures that lived within them, and would often punish those who harmed the natural world or its inhabitants.

This mischievous god is the protector of the wild, and he loves nothing more than playing his pan flute (a musical instrument consisting of multiple wooden pipes of gradually increasing length) and causing chaos. Pan is also incredibly vain, and he loves to play practical jokes on other gods and mortals.

His name is the root word of “panic“. The Greeks believed that when accidentally awakened from his nap he could give a great terrifying shout. From this aspect of Pan‘s nature, Greek authors derived the word “panikos“,  “sudden fear”.

Faun vs. Satyr. What is the difference?

The Romans identified satyrs with their native nature spirits, fauns. It is derived from Faunus, the name of an ancient Italic deity of forests, fields, and herds, who from the 2nd century BCE was associated with the Greek god Pan.

But the main difference between them was their behaviour and nature. Fauns were described as humble, gentle and innocent with handsome and attractive appearance. Satyrs, as we know, were the exact opposite. Fauns are known to be naïve and foolish. On the other hand, satyrs are wise and have great knowledge as well.

Today, Fauns continue to capture the imagination of artists, writers, and filmmakers around the world. They are a reminder of the enduring power of myth and the timeless appeal of creatures that straddle the line between the human and the divine.

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rings with deep meaning

14 Magical Rings – In History and Fiction

14 Magical Rings – In History and Fiction

“One ring to rule them all,

One ring to find them,

One ring to bring them all

And in the darkness bind them.”

Tales of magical rings date back to antiquity, and probably even before recorded history.

1. King Solomon’s Magical Ring

According to legend, the famous king Solomon had a very valuable gold ring. It was not only precious, but also magical. Using the power of the ring, Solomon summons a full register of demons and takes authority over them. Out of all the king’s treasures, this ring is regarded as the most mystical.

Legend has it that the one who finds the ring will become the ruler of the world. 

king solomon's ring

2. Ring of Gyges

According to the Greek philosopher Plato, the Ring of Gyges was a magic ring that made its wearer invisible. When given a ring, a shepherd named Gyges becomes invisible and anonymous. Through his invisibility he seduces a queen, kills the king, and takes the kingdom. This poses the moral question of whether a person with such a power would misuse it for evil deeds.

Ring of Gyges

3. Ring of the Nibelung

“Der Ring des Nibelungen”, four music dramas (grand operas) by German composer Richard Wagner, that were based on the classic Norse myths and German heroic poetry.

Wagner made a lot of changes to the story in order to make it suitable for his four operas. The story tells of a hoard of gold which is being guarded by the Rhinemaidens. The dwarf Alberich steals the gold and uses some of it to make a ring which makes the owner powerful over all the world. When Wotan, the chief god, steals it from him, Alberich puts a curse on the ring. The ring will bring death to whoever has it. The ring goes through the hands of several characters, all of whom die in the end. 

Ring of the Nibelung

4. The Kingmoor Ring (also Greymoor Hill Ring)

The Kingmoor Ring was found at Greymoor Hill, near Kingmoor by a young man who came across it in the ground.

The inscription on it reads:

᛭ᚨᚱᛦᚱᛁᚢᚠᛚᛏᛦᚱᛁᚢᚱᛁᚦᚩᚾᚷᛚᚨᚴᛏᚨᛈᚩᚾ / ᛏᚨᚿ

The inscription amounts to a total of 30 signs, its meaning has not been fully deciphered but it is believed to be of magical nature – likely a spell of healing or regeneration.

The Kingmoor Ring

5. Howard Carter’s Ring of Protection

Howard Carter was the archaeologist who discovered the tomb of Tutankhamun. At the time, everybody was surprised because of the fact that the curse of King Tut’s tomb did not affect the archaeologist. Carter said that his ring protected him against all harmful influences. The ring was adorned with geometric symbols which were placed and balanced according to the principles of esoteric knowledge. The design was meant to protect a person from danger, curses, and black magic. Today, the ring is known as “the ring of Ra” and it is believed that it was originally designed by the people of the lost city of Atlantis. According to the same theory, Egyptians are regarded to be the descendants of these people. 

Howard Carter’s Ring

6. Draupnir

In Norse mythology, Draupnir is a gold ring possessed by the god Odin with the ability to multiply itself: Every 9th night, it duplicates itself by creating eight perfect copies, each one of the same size and weight as the original.

Howard Carter’s Ring

7. Genghis Khan’s Ring

Genghis Khan, the great Mongol ruler, knew how to take advantage of magic. In the 12th century, he reigned over the great Mongolian Empire and some believe this is due to a powerful magic ring. The ring had a ruby engraved with a magic Indian symbol and it was worn by both Genghis Khan as well as by his nephew. Some claim that this symbol actually comes from Hyperborea, the long lost continent. As for the ring of Genghis Khan, many Asian archaeologists are still looking for it.

Howard Carter’s Ring

8. The One Ring (“The Lord of the Rings”)

Probably the most famous fiction ring of all times, it is a central plot element in J. R. R. Tolkien’s “The Lord of the Rings”. It is a solid gold band that looks like any ordinary ring, until cast into fire; once in flames, glowing inscriptions appear on it. Also it can change in size by its own will. The Ring’s primary power was control of the other Rings and domination of the wills of their users. Granting the wearer invisibility, the One Ring also used to strengthen the wearer’s power.

The One Ring

9. Green Lantern Ring

Green Lantern’s ring, considered to be one of the most powerful weapons in the universe. Depending on the skill and willpower of the wearer, it can do almost anything if the wielder’s willpower is strong enough. It has the ability to affect and use forces like gravity, radiation, heat, light etc. Most commonly, a Green Lantern Ring is used to shoot energy beams, fly, translate all languages, and create green light energy constructs.

Green Lantern Ring

10. Sorcerer’s Apprentice Ring

The title character and his mentor use the rings to focus their magical powers. Like magical wands in other fantasy fiction, magic rings function as instruments for sorcerers to channel their powers with magic inside the ring. It projects electromagnetic energy into the physical world. The magic ring gives the sorcerer who wields it better advantages.

Sorcerer's Apprentice Ring

11. Dracula’s Ring

It first makes an appearance in Son of Dracula (1943), where it was worn by John Carradine. Then the ring made its way to Bela Lugosi’s finger in Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein (1948). Later Christopher Lee wore it in other Dracula movies. This extravagant signet ring with a blood-red ruby set into it, was designed with the arms crest of Dracula’s lineage. Crest rings traditionally reflect the pride and dignity of a family name and history.

Dracula’s Ring

12. The Yellow and Green Rings (The Chronicles of Narnia)

In “The Chronicles of Narnia: The Magician’s Nephew”, yellow and green magic finger rings were created to respectively transport people to and from the Wood between the Worlds. These rings were created by the magician “Uncle Andrew” with the help of magical dust from Atlantis.

Yellow and Green magic rings

13. The Mandarin’s Rings

The Mandarin is a fictional supervillain appearing in American comic books. He is one of Iron Man’s most destructive enemies. The Mandarin is a badass athlete with tremendous skills in various martial arts. His principal personal weapons are the 10 rings which he wears on the fingers of both hands. The Mandarin learned how to make the rings respond to his mental commands. On his left hand he wears Ice Blast, Mento-Intensifier, Electro-Blast, Flame Blast, and White Light. On his right hand, Black Light, Disintegration Beam, Vortex Beam, Impact Beam, and Matter Rearranger.

Mandarin's Rings

14. Singing Ring (The 10th Kingdom)

And last but not least, the most adorable ring in all ten Kingdoms! A singing engagement ring from the movie “The 10th Kingdom”, that grands a lifetime love guarantee!

Singing ring

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sword blade on a medieval map

Sword Symbolism in a Nutshell

Sword Symbolism in a nutshell

medieval sword on a map

Symbolic meaning

For thousands of years, swords have been used as weapons and tools, but they also hold great symbolic importance in various cultures and religions. From the ancient world to modern times, the sword has come to represent a wide range of concepts.

The sword is one of the most complex and most common symbols. Its concept is ambivalent: on the one hand, the sword is a terrifying weapon, on the other, a powerful ancient force.

The making of a sword incorporates all the elements: Earth, Fire, Air, Water. It also requires secret skills and knowledge, thanks to which swords were endowed with magical properties. The symbol of the sword as a weapon represents the dual concept of life and death.

The sword is also a powerful magical symbol, the emblem of witchcraft. Also the cult of the sword in many cultural traditions contributed to the fact that it acquired a ceremonial and ritual significance.

Mayari Jewelry Philippines Unique Series

Wavy, flames-like double-edged swords were associated with purification. For example, in alchemy, such a sword is the emblem of fire. In addition, it is also a symbol of power, justice, lighthonour or authority.

Many swords have magical properties and are given to heroes for the advancement of justice. 

One of the most well-known uses of the sword in symbolism is in the legends of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table. In these stories, the sword represents the authority of the king, as well as the code of chivalry that the knights follow.

In Christianity, the sword is often associated with Saint Michael the Archangel, who is depicted holding a sword and defeating the devil. This symbolizes the triumph of good over evil and the power of faith. In the Book of Revelation, a sword is also mentioned as a symbol of the word of God, which is described as being “sharper than any two-edged sword.”

In Eastern cultures, the sword also holds significant meaning. In Japan, the katana is a revered weapon that has been used by samurai for centuries. The katana represents the samurai’s honor, skill, and devotion to their lord. The sword is also a symbol of the warrior’s spirit, known as bushido, which emphasizes courage, loyalty, and self-discipline.

In Hinduism, the sword represents the power of the divine and is often held by deities such as Shiva and Kali. The sword is a symbol of their ability to defeat evil and protect their followers. In Sikhism, the sword is an important symbol as well. The Khanda, a double-edged sword, is one of the five articles of faith and represents the strength, courage, and defense of the Sikh community.

In modern times, the sword is often used in logos and branding for sports teams, military units, and other organizations. It continues to represent strength, power, and honour, and its use in these contexts is a nod to the rich history and symbolism that surrounds the sword.

  • Excalibur – the legendary sword of King Arthur, that was given to him by the Lady of the Lake (it was not the same sword that he drew from a stone).
  • Gram – the sword of the hero of Germanic-Scandinavian mythology Siegfried (Sigurd), that he used to kill the dragon Fafnir. This weapon was described as being ¨all decked with gold and gleaming bright¨
  • Durendal (Durandal) – the sword of Furious Roland, the hero of the Old French epic. According to the legend, this weapon was capable of cutting through giant boulders of stone with a single strike, and was indestructible.
  • Kusanagi-no-Tsurugi (“Grass Cutting Sword”) a famous Japanese sword, one of the three Imperial Regalia of Japan. It was found within one of the tails of the eight-headed serpent Yamata-no-Orochi defeated by the legendary warrior Susanoo.
  • Shamshir-e-Zomorrodnegar the legendary Persian sword from the epic of Amir Arsalan. The emerald-studded magic shamshir had originally belonged to King Solomon. Legend claims that it was carefully guarded by a demon called Fulad-zereh, because he was invulnerable to all weapons and only this sword could harm him.

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secret knowledge of symbols

Symbolism & Secret Knowledge: Connection between the material and the supernatural world

Symbolism & Secret Knowledge

secret knowledge of symbols

Dictionary definition:

Symbol – something used for or regarded as representing something else; a material object representing something, often something immaterial; emblem, token, or sign.

In all known cultures, we find traces of knowledge encoded in symbols: we see symbols in rituals, in alchemical books, we see them hidden in the stunning proportions of the pyramids and ancient temples

From the earliest civilizations to modern times, people have used symbols to express their understanding of the spiritual and supernatural realms. These symbols have become a bridge between the physical and metaphysical worlds, providing a way for people to communicate with the divine and access its power.

Symbolic language is a universal language. Symbolism not only expresses the relationship between things and ideas, but also reveals the laws of the connection of the material world with the supernatural world.

However, most people do not know the language of symbols, they cannot decipher it, while it is extremely important for understanding the ways of human development, art, religion and mythology.

In the old days, symbolism was a secret knowledge, but now the time has come when access to symbols is open to everyone.

The history of the symbolism of our civilization goes back deep into the past, to the era of the caveman. 

Since ancient times, people have been looking for a universal language that would be able to express the connection between things and events in the surrounding mysterious world. These searches led to the discovery of the first generalized images, and then, as evolutionary development, and abstract concepts. Such images and concepts are called symbols.

Symbols help to better understand the surrounding world, which means living in harmony with it.

The word symbol derives from the Greek σύμβολον symbolon, meaning “token, watchword”.

One of the earliest and most enduring examples of this connection is found in the Egyptian hieroglyphics. These symbols were used to represent gods, goddesses, and other supernatural beings, as well as to convey religious beliefs and stories. The ancient Egyptians believed that by using these symbols, they could access the power of the gods and gain their favour.

The Greeks used the owl as a symbol of wisdom, while the Romans used the eagle as a symbol of power and strength. These symbols helped to establish a connection between the human and supernatural worlds, enabling people to seek guidance and protection from the gods.

In Hinduism, for example, the lotus flower is a symbol of enlightenment and spiritual purity.

In Native American cultures the dreamcatcher was used to capture bad dreams and protect people from negative spiritual influences.

A symbol cannot be “invented”, created artificially, as it reflects the Highest Truth.  The perfect Universal Symbol is so comprehensive that it is able to meet the needs of different eras, religions, cultures and civilizations

Time did not radically change the structure of symbolism. Whatever the nature of the origin of the symbols is, modern mankind got them not only completely formed, but already systematized. 

The same symbols exist in all ancient cultures: in Ancient Egypt, Sumeria, India, China, Africa, in pre-Columbian America… And everywhere they have similar semantic meanings, which indicates their common origin from the same source

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